The Difference Between Police, Lawyers and Private Investigators in China
When Chinese citizens encounter life, business and legal disputes and need to search for clues, understand the facts and obtain evidence to seek legal support, they usually do so through three means: the police, lawyers and private investigators, all of which can provide assistance to citizens, although the scope, nature and form of the help provided varies.
1. Turning to Chinese police for help:
“If you have a problem, turn to the police” has long been the slogan of the Chinese police authorities, and it is also a true reflection of the image of the Chinese police officer. Therefore, seeking help from the police is a way for Chinese citizens to seek help when they are in trouble.
The Chinese police department are an important part of China’s legal system, It’s a law enforcement agency of the Chinese government. As a law enforcement officer of the Chinese authorities, the police represent authority and justice, and provide the power of the government; they are responsible for maintaining social order and protecting the safety of citizens, and they serve the government and the public, never working for private individuals.
The police officer are able to protect people’s lives and property when their property and safety are in danger, in the event of an emergency or a crime. However, the police officer is not an all-powerful machine and the police has its own terms of reference. As a matter of fact, the police’s assistance to people mainly consists of urgently stopping illegal behaviors, preventing the occurrence of crimes and other serious consequences, and the police officer, in accordance with the law, investigate and collect evidence in accordance with strict legal procedures for criminal cases that have already taken place and been established, and must never provide any investigative clues to private individuals or enterprises. Private affairs, commercial disputes, civil litigation, investigation and evidence collection, and legal support are not within the scope of the police’s duties.
2. Hire a Chinese lawyer to help:
Chinese lawyers are legal process workers who help individuals and Chinese companies with legal process services, which is a business practice, providing legal process services for a paid fee. Chinese lawyers are characterized by their familiarity with Chinese legal knowledge and legal procedures, and they provide legal services such as legal proceedings and investigation and evidence collection for civil and commercial matters.
Chinese lawyers represent clients in litigation and conduct investigations and evidence collection in accordance with legal procedures. In China, where the legal system and the profession are still developing, where there may be conflicts of interest, and where Chinese lawyers are heavily influenced by the power of the government and the legal system, it is important to carefully research and select a reputable lawyer.
3. Hire a private detective:
Private detective up in China is a controversial occupation, is a paid fee for professional private investigation services. China’s private detectives are mainly for civil disputes, business affairs to provide investigation and evidence collection and other investigative services.
In 1992, mainland China appeared the first private detective agency, since China’s accession to the WTO in 2001, the growing market demand for private detective services, China’s private detective industry is also the rapid development of Chinese citizens to seek a private detective for investigation and evidence collection and legal support has become a very common social phenomenon. China’s private detective agency through the customer entrusted and authorized, non-litigation matters to legal, fast and effective solution is completely feasible. For private detective investigation and evidence collection, only in the process of investigation and evidence collection, or investigation and evidence collection methods are not suspected of committing a crime or violating personal privacy, the court likewise adopted in accordance with the law.
China’s private investigators are mainly engaged in finding people, property surveys, marriage investigation and forensics, information research, network fraud investigation, child custody, debt collection, whereabouts investigation, but also involved in debt collection, intellectual property rights investigation.
The biggest difference between the police, lawyers and private detectives in China is the difference in their duties and powers. Police officers serve the government and the public as national law enforcement agencies, while lawyers and private detectives serve specific individuals or companies as commercial service organizations.
The Chinese police are the enforcers of the national government agency. When a crime may be or has been committed, the police go to the scene, collect evidence, question witnesses, and the police have the right to use force in the performance of their duties, take coercive measures and arrest suspects, with the aim of enforcing the laws of the country, maintaining public order, protecting the security and stability of the society, and focusing mainly on illegal and criminal activities.
Lawyers and private investigators are commercial organizations that help clients deal with personal and business matters. Lawyers often work with private investigators and rely on the legal system and government authority to provide services related to the legal process.
Private investigator is a confidential and discreet way to provide clients with a variety of diverse and extensive professional services, these services usually include: surveillance, locate missing persons, matrimonial investigations, asset searches, property investigations, whereabouts investigations, background investigations, and so on, usually used for personal, corporate, or legal purposes, with professional experience and resourceful techniques, to reveal the truth and potential risks.